Marcus Antonius was born in Rome in 83 B.C. His mother's cousin was Julius Caesar and Mark quickly became one of his most loyal subjects. In his will, Caesar had bequeathed his wealth and title to his adopted son Octavian Caesar, however, Antony was reluctant to hand his old friend’s legacy to a 17-year-old, and quickly became a rival to the future emperor. They battled in 43 B.C. and Antony lost. Octavian believed Antony to be a formidable foe so he suggested an alliance. The two of them, with their lesser rival Marcus Lepidus, formed the Second Triumvirate to defeat the assassins of Caesar. Mark began an affair with the Egyptian queen Cleopatra, who had been Caesar’s lover in the last years of his life. As time passed by, Antony's relationship with Cleopatra became more transparent as he spent more time in Egypt. While Antony was gone, Octavian grew in strength and once he heard Antony divorced his sister Octavia, he declared war on Cleopatra. Octavian's fleet overpowered Antony's enormous army. Antony and Cleopatra fled to Alexandria, Egypt where they both decided to commit suicide. Antony stabbed himself with a sword while Cleopatra was captured by Octavian. Before she could be brought back to Rome, she managed to kill herself via a poisonous snakebite.Three years later, Octavian was granted a new title, Augustus, and ruled Rome for the next four decades.
-Cleopatra needs help to conquer back Egypt and asks Caesar for help
-Caesar and Cleopatra have a love affairs and a child is born from it
-Caesar helps Cleopatra gain back most of her regime
-Caesar dies and Antony enlists Cleopatra to explain her part in Caesar's death and how she will continue to play a part
-Cleopatra enchants Antony
-Antony agrees to help Cleopatra keep her crown in Egypt
-Antony goes to Egypt with Cleopatra and the have two children
-Antony's third wife dies and he has to marry Octavian's half sister to prove loyalty (at this point Antony was back in Rome)
-Cleopatra strengthened Egypt
-Antony needed funds for war on Parthia so Cleopatra helped him out
-Antony is defeated in Parthia so he flees to Egypt rejecting Octavian's sister for Cleopatra
-He is seen as a traitor and Octavian declares war on Cleopatra
This site precisely detailed the true store of Antony And Cleopatra.
- They are arguably the most famous lovers in history.
- Marcus Antonius of Rome (Antony) stood at the pinnacle of power, fighting to be the most powerful man in the known world.
- Cleopatra VII Philopator was the queen of one ancient civilization, Egypt.
- Their love affair, their war together, their defeat and, finally, their suicides have been told and retold for centuries.
- The site however, states that the story that have been retold aren't entirely accurate.
- Other characters that are famous: Caesar, Alexander the Great, Nero, Plato and Aristotle.
- Cleopatra is the only woman.
- Their love story is tremendously dramatic.
- Antony and Cleopatra proved themselves just as capable of savagery and ruthlessness, but the losers in a civil war do not get the chance to shape the future directly.
- Apart from that, there is no real trace of any long-held beliefs or causes on Antony's part, no indication that he struggled for prominence for anything other than his own glory and profit.
- Some like to see Cleopatra as deeply committed to the prosperity and welfare of her subjects, but this is largely wishful thinking.
- There is no actual evidence to suggest that her concerns went any further than ensuring a steady flow of taxation into her own hands, to cement her hold on power.
- For only a small part of her reign was she secure on the throne, at the head of a kingdom utterly dependent on Roman goodwill, and it would probably be unreasonable to expect her to have done more than this.
Jennifer Pineda- Antony and Cleopatra’s “love affair” was indeed unique and has captured people’s mind and imaginations for hundreds of years. In 41 B.C. Antony began an affair with the Egyptian queen Cleopatra, who had been Caesar’s lover in the last years of his life. When Julius Caesar was assassinated, Mark Antony was among three men who continued to rule Rome. Cleopatra refused to talk to Antony twice, and when she eventually did agree to meet with him, he was won over by her charm. They soon began a relationship and later moved back to Egypt, where they were married. As with her relationship with Caesar, this new marriage solidified Cleopatra’s union with Rome. Antony’s first wife, Fulvia found out and reacted by organizing an attack against Octavian and said Antony sent her. Mark Antony tried to repair the damage by returning to her, although it was already too late and she died soon after. He later on married Octavia Minor the sister of Octavian as an attempt to reunite the two families. Despite Cleopatra hearing about Antony’s infidelity she continued to help and support Antony. Octavia was extremely mad that Antony returned to Cleopatra and publicly spoke out against Antony and Cleopatra and launched a military attack, while in Egypt, Antony officially declared his alliance and loyalty to Cleopatra. Afraid for her life, Cleopatra hid in her own burial tomb, amid rumors that she was already dead. With Octavian gaining a steady advantage in the fight, Antony killed himself with the mistaken belief that Cleopatra had done so too.
Elizabeth Leon- Besides attempting to write an entertaining play, it seems that William Shakespeare was inspired by the dominating presence of female rulers during his era to write Antony and Cleopatra. Similar to Queen Elizabeth I having unwavering dictation over the United Kingdom, Cleopatra has extreme control over the Egypt and Antony demonstrated from the onset of the play. Shakespeare was inspired to show the dominance females had due to their femininity, sexuality, and unique decisions that presided over those they controlled. This demonstrated that the once prevailing patriarchy may be diminished by the female leaders.
Daniel Algaze- Antony is stuck between committing to his love in Egypt, Cleopatra, and keeping his reign over the Roman Empire. This shows the internal conflict within Antony, and as a product of this conflict, Caesar, another triumvir of the Roman Empire, goes to war with Antony. Throughout the play, Antony continuously struggles between his love with Cleopatra and his duty to reign over Rome. To solidify Caesar’s trust in Antony, he marries Caesar’s sister, but eventually runs away back to Egypt to Cleopatra. Because of the poor choices Antony made during this ongoing internal struggle, he and Cleopatra are met with their unfortunate deaths.
Abel Sanchez- In the tragedy of Anthony and Cleopatra there are many themes that conspire during the novel. Evidently, love was the main principal throughout the tale as Anthony and Cleopatra could not resist the passionate affection they had for each other. However, as seen in the tragedy their adoration did not finish with the “happily ever after”, due to, the poor decisions made by the couple. As readers, we see the on-going tension rising between characters as each choice plays a big role in deciding the lovers’ fate. With this, we see the outlining theme of decision-making driven by the power of love. In addition, there are many other themes included in the novel like betrayal, power, guilt, etc. Which concludes to the horrific ending to the couples life.
Karla Bravo- Antony’s role in the play is that of a love struck ruler. He resembles Queen Elizabeth I, in “I Grieve and Dare Not Show my Discontent,” very much in the sense that they are both conflicted when it comes to what they should prioritize, their love lives or their duty to the crown. However, the key difference between them is that Antony was willing to give it all up for Cleopatra, whereas the Queen could not. Antony’s character can be interpreted as reckless as he dares to neglect Rome and allow it “in Tiber melt, and the wide arch / Of the ranged empire fall,” in order to be able to fulfill his romantic desires with Cleopatra. Despite his claims, Antony quickly returns to reality and finds himself torn between attending his duty to Rome or to his pleasure and happiness. Nonetheless, his realization that he is losing his honor on top of the fact that he was defeated by both, Caesar and Cleopatra, pushes Antony past the point of no return, in which he ends up committing suicide which he believes clears his name to the brave, former Antony that once ruled Rome.
Matthew Ficher- Cleopatra was doubly a ruler. As Queen of Egypt, she made a case for the respected title of the Pharaoh: not simply an aficionado of the nation's brea
Matthew Ficher- Cleopatra was doubly a ruler. As Queen of Egypt, she made a case for the respected title of the Pharaoh: not simply an aficionado of the nation's breathtakingly antiquated divine beings, she positioned as one herself. However Cleopatra, albeit adored as the New Isis by her local subjects, was in certainty a Greek: the beneficiary to a tradition initially established by Ptolemy, a general of Alexander the Great. The Ptolemies, throughout the hundreds of years, had been unfailingly portrayed by violence, arousing quality and avarice - but then their kingdom, though out everything, had remained brightened by the magnificence of the vanquishing Macedonian.
This book dates back to these following events:(As stated by the book)
- The "founding of the Roman Empire around 30 B.C"
- Details how Augustus Caesar rose to power
- In the commencement of the play, Caesar shares the governance of "the city-state."
- Caesar works with Mark Antony who is a "military leader" to fight against "Pompey"
- Caesar purposefully tries to tie his sister with Antony
- Caesar forbids Lepidus and Antony from gaining any compensation from "Pompey's defeat"
- Cleopatra is a great ally of Antony who fights alongside Antony against Caesar
- Julius Caesar has once loved Cleopatra
According to the biographies of these ancient figures:
- " Cleopatra was exiled to the Roman Empire after giving birth to Julius Caesar's son Caesarian and alienating his wife Calpurnia."
- Roman politician and general
- Ally of Julius Caesar
- Main rival - Octavian
- Republic - Empire
- Romance w/ Cleopatra was his undoing
His Early life:
-He was elected tribune and served defender for Caesar
Antony + Cleopatra
- Cleopatra was Caesar's girl, until a little after his passing, she got together with Antony, and he had an affair with her.
- They soon had twins
- But Antony was forced back home (Rome) because his wife had failed rebellion against Octavian sister.
- He grew more into the Egyptian government than his hometown.
•The setting time is 40–30 b.c.
•The setting place is The Roman Empire and Egypt.
•The protagonist is Mark Antony, one of the triumvirs of Rome.
•Antony is torn between his duties as a Roman ruler and soldier and his desire to live in Egypt with his lover, Cleopatra. This inner conflict leads him to become embroiled in a war with Caesar, one of his fellow triumvirs.
•Caesar lures Antony out of Egypt and back to Rome, and marries Antony to his sister, Octavia. Antony eventually returns to Egypt and Cleopatra, and Caesar prepares to lead an army against Antony.
•Antony disgraces himself by fleeing the battle of Actium to follow Cleopatra, betraying his own image of himself as a noble Roman.
•Cleopatra abandons Antony during the second naval battle, leaving him to suffer an insurmountable defeat.
•The struggle between reason and emotion; the clash of East and West; the definition of honor.
•Extravagant declarations of love; public displays of affection; female sexuality.
•The shape-changing clouds symbolize Cleopatra’s fleeing ships; the asps.
•The snakes that are repeatedly mentioned for instance, Lepidus’s drunken ravings about the creatures of the Nile, foreshadow Cleopatra’s death.